Gabrielle Marie Finley
Rima Arnaout, an assistant professor and practicing cardiologist at UC San Francisco, created a neural network that outperformed human cardiologists in a task involving heart scans. She does not think the AI she created is ready to replace human cardiologists yet, but it was easily able to complete the first step in what a cardiologist does when evaluating an echocardiogram. The AI only performed this first step in the analysis of a heart image and the making of a diagnosis; however, Arnaout is now working to improve this technology so it can take the next steps to identify different diseases and heart problems. Experimental artificial intelligence systems are making rapid progress in the medical realm, so there could be major changes in the medical field in the near future. Despite the advances being made with AI in medicine, most people still want to see a human doctor when they have a health condition. Do you think we will ever get to a point where the majority of the population is comfortable being diagnosed by a machine and not a doctor? Will AI decrease job opportunities in the medical field in the near future?
Berkshire Hathaway, Amazon, and JPMorgan Chase have a plan that could disrupt the entire healthcare industry. The CEOs of these companies hope to lower heath care costs for the companies’ employees and deliver significant advancements for all patients. This is a monumental challenge being that the health care spending represented 17.9% of the U.S. economy in 2016 and continues to rise. Many skeptics say that health care costs cannot be meaningfully lowered by three companies and that the sector will not change without government action. However; this would not be the first time Amazon has disrupted an entire industry. Amazon’s success has been based on removing entire layers of product sales and distribution, adopting new ways of thinking, and pursuing technological innovation. The new company these CEOs plan to establish will not seek to profit off of health care, but instead offer it at the lowest cost possible. One way to lower costs is to cut the number of people in the industry by moving toward more automation and adopting artificial intelligence in areas such as data input, automated health care tests, lab work and food preparation. Another way to lower health costs is by expanding telemedicine so health care providers could sharephysicians and nurse practitioners. Do you think this is something people will become more comfortable with or will the majority of people still want to physically go into a doctor’s office? With Amazon entering into health care do you think it has a long term goal of entering drug sales by launching an online pharmacy? This would also lower costs by cutting out the middleman. The last way this new company would reshape the industry is by tying payment to quality of care, so consumers would pay a fee based of the value of the care they received. Do you think these three CEOs will be able to create this new health care company and to what extent will it transform the healthcare industry?
Many CIOs are currently focused on blockchain, artificial intelligence, and cognitive computing. However, there is a powerful reason forCIOs to spend time talking about enterprise architecture enabling applications, host infrastructure, business services, and reference architecture. A rock-solid enterprise architecture can transform an organization. Enterprise architecture can increase agility, reduce solution delivery time and create a shared vision for a company. It defines how an organization will meet future business problems and forces a decision based on outcomes. Businesses should switch from silo-based systems to a unified and integrated enterprise ecosystem. An integrated ecosystem gives a business additional flexibility to respond quickly to market conditions that change your competitive landscape. Can an organization successfully change its strategic goals, business model, data and applications without a sound enterprise architecture? Is it just as important for small and medium sized companies to have a strong enterprise architecture or can they be just as productive without one?