IS Project Initiation and Planning
“The scope of information systems today is the whole enterprise. Managers, knowledge workers, and all other organizational members expect to easily access and retrieve information, regardless of its location. Nonintegrated systems used in the past—often referred to as “islands of information”—are being replaced with cooperative, integrated enterprise systems that can easily support information sharing. Although the goal of building bridges between these “islands” will take some time to achieve, it represents a clear direction for information systems development. The use of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems from companies such as SAP (www.sap.com ) and Oracle ( www.oracle.com ), has enabled the linking of these “islands” in many organizations.
Obtaining integrated, enterprise-wide computing presents significant challenges for both corporate and information systems management. For example, given the proliferation of personal and departmental computing wherein disparate systems and databases have been created, how can the organization possibly control and maintain all of these systems and data? In many cases they simply cannot; it is nearly impossible to track who has which systems and what data, where there are overlaps or inconsistencies, and the accuracy of the information. The reason that personal and departmental systems and databases abound is that users are either unaware of the information that exists in corporate databases or they cannot easily get at it, so they create and maintain their own information and systems. Intelligent identification and selection of system projects, for both new and replacement systems, is a critical step in gaining control of systems and data. It is the hope of many chief information officers (CIOs) that with the advent of ERP systems, improved system integration, and the rapid deployment of corporate Internet solutions, these islands will be reduced or eliminated.
The acquisition, development, and maintenance of information systems consume substantial resources for most organizations. This suggests that organizations can benefit from following a formal process for identifying and selecting projects. The first phase of the systems development life cycle—project identification and selection—deals with this issue. In the next section, you will learn about a general method for identifying and selecting projects and the deliverables and outcomes from this process. This is followed by brief descriptions of corporate strategic planning and information systems planning, two activities that can greatly improve the project identification and selection process.”
Valacich, J. S., & George, J. F. (2017). Modern systems analysis and design (8th ed.). Boston: Pearson.
- Chapter 4, Modern Systems Analysis and Design.
- CISA Review Manual, Section
- 2.4 Information Systems Strategy
- Participate in this week’s class and online discussions
- Complete written assignment 4.1 (WA-4.1)
- Complete quiz 2
- describe the project identification and selection process,
- describe the corporate strategic planning and information systems planning process, and
- describe the three classes of Internet electronic commerce applications: business- to-consumer, business-to-employee, and business-to-business.
- Identifying and selecting projects
- The process of identifying and selecting IS development projects
- Deliverables and outcomes
- Information systems planning
- Strategic planning
- Information systems planning
- Business Application Development
- Traditional SDLC Approach