MIS 2101 Sec 001 – Adam Alalouf – Fall 2018

Extra Credit Assignment

Happy Birthday SNL!

Write a short essay (500 words max). Compare and contrast the technologies, business processes, and culture of 1981 as represented in the video The Typists with those that you know today. Your response must be posted as a public comment below. 

46 Responses to Extra Credit Assignment

  • There are many changes in technologies, business processes, and culture that can be observed from SNL’s skit “The Typists”, which is based on a setting in 1981, from how things are today in 2018.

    The first major technological change that stands out in the video is the use of typewriters by the female employees. Typewriters have essentially become obsolete in today’s society, both in residential and business settings. Individuals now have multiple different ways to type documents, and a typewriter is no longer a popular method. Individuals can now use laptops, desktop computers, or even cell phones and tablet devices to type documents.

    Another beneficial technological change that can be noticed from the skit is the two female employees having to manually insert a new page into the type writer every time they want to type something new. In 2018 there are now wireless printers that people can use in conjunction with their laptop or mobile devices to print a document they typed up. All this takes is a click of a couple buttons. One just has to make sure there is enough paper in the printer to print out how many pages they may need, but there is no need to manually insert a piece of paper in a printer for each page that needs to be printed. There are also now “cloud based” databases where individuals can upload documents they typed up to “the cloud” and print them out whenever and wherever they choose.

    A change of culture that can be noticed from the video include the two female employees taking their lunchboxes out of a filing cabinet and proceeding to eat their lunch at their desks. Most organizations today have designated break rooms for employees to eat their lunch as well as a better place for employees to put their lunch besides inside a filing cabinet.

    Lastly, another change of culture that can be observed from the skit is the two employees discussing when they are taking their vacations. After stating when they were taking their vacations, one employee says she wishes they could take their vacations at the same time. Some organizations today that try to provide a positive work-life balance for their employees will work with the employees’ scheduling so events like this can happen. This is not something that is guaranteed by any organization, but those who go above and beyond for relationships with their employees can certainly make this happen.

    -Paul Creely

    • In the SNL skit, “The Typists”, one may notice a variety of changes in technological and society aspects from 1981 to 2018. The major technological change that is noticeable in the beginning is the use of the typewriter. The typewriting machine is very outdated and is quite tedious to operate. Modern computers are easy and faster to type on. it is also easier to master quick typing on a modern computer due to the typing factors that are all around us, such as texting on a phone. The type writer also requires that you manually flip the page and re-insert it into the machine to type on the reverse side. At the end of the page, you must remove the paper, filled with words and manually insert a new page into the machine. With modern technology, a computer user is able to type continuously on a document that appears on their screen, and later print this document (often wirelessly) from that computer without having to place each individual sheet of paper in the printer after the first has been filled with content. The computer and the internet also gives its users the option to go paperless and send and receive documents online. It also allows one to save their information and have it available on their computer, unlike the typewriter that immediately prints the content onto the document and has no memory or storage capabilities. Laptop computers also provide a sleek design that allows it to be transported more easily and used in almost any setting, unlike the typewriter’s bulky design which makes transportation a hassle. Examining the work culture of The Typists, the office is very standard. It is very rigid, undecorated, and outdated. Many modern offices include sleek designs that ensure comfort while working. Some companies allow employees to work from home. The skit shows only female employees doing typing jobs, while in modern times, women are apart of more inclusive, leadership positions that involve hands on operations away from typing.

  • The technology has changed drastically since 1981. In The Typists, they are using typewriters to type up documents. Now, we have computers and even more advanced ways of having documents written, such as speech to text. While we have more modern technology, most people still type on keyboards like the typewriter’s keyboard. One does not even need to use a keyboard to write messages or memos and can send messages to others instantly around the globe with mobile phones, in comparison to the old phone in the video. The business processes back in 1981 according to the video were very hands off and departmentalized, as seen through the two women being alone in their workspace not interacting with any other branch of the company they are in. Their business process seems very simple, in that they are given tasks to write up and distribute, while in the modern era we have advanced systems like ERDs, ERPs, and others to help disseminate information throughout businesses. We now have more advanced technology to allow for these systems. We can upload and distribute data throughout the world through simple clicks of buttons.
    A change in business culture that is evident is the workplace and how co-workers interact. In the video, they seem to focus and interact only on a professional level, making a little bit of small talk asking about each other’s plans for the night. In many companies now, there are companies with many kinds of culture. While companies like the one showcased in the skit still exist, there are also more closely-knit companies. They attempt to achieve this through having company cruises/concerts, going out to eat or eating together for certain meals.
    Nicholas Germain

  • SNL Celebrates its 43rd Birthday!

    SNL is celebrating its 43rd anniversary since it aired on 11th October 1975. We look at one of the videos that was shot in 1981 which shows the advancement of technology since then. In the video, we can see two women using a typewriter, an outmoded technology and role. The role of typewriter has completely eroded since the invention of Apple’s Macintosh, mobile phones and printing machines. In today’s world we can not only print numbers or letter, but can also print visualizations, graphs, and pictures, needless to say the need to print papers have also lessened. We can now simply use programs like Microsoft Word to write and print documents.

    The video displays the change in business processes. Today, the role of a typewriter has become extinct and middle-class jobs involves more broad and logical skills to complete tasks. Business process have changed drastically, as they now involve more critical thinking and analytical skills and work which took extra time and effort can be easily done. Business processes have become more technology-centered and require services of tech companies.

    There is a very significant change in cultures both in terms of corporate and society. Women in the 1980s worked in jobs which did not include leadership positions, it has very much changed. Although change is not enough but is still significant. Most corporates now have as cafeteria or a dining hall for employees. Culture has changed in terms of fashion, food and entertainment.

    In conclusion, we can see by the fact that the quality of video recorded could have been much better or more people can stream it in today’s world, much has changed.

  • There is a huge development in technology comparing it in 1981 and nowadays. The technology that they had in the past it might be useful, but it is not fast as the technology we have now. Back in 1981, the printers or people who type to used a machine with a keyboard that has an annoying sound when you press on it. In addition, everything in the old machines was manual use. Nowadays, typing and printing is one of the easiest process the we can all do. We can print and type using different devices. For example, now we can type using laptops, computers, tablets, and even smart phones. Also, we can print using all the choices I mentioned in the previous example. In one click or one button you can print the thing you need. The develop of the technology is increasing especially in typing and printing system. Now we can print using wireless, which means that even if you are not home or you are not in your office as long as you or connecting to the same Wi-Fi you can print what you need.
    The culture of the place that the two employees were working in the video in 1981 is not the same culture that we deal with nowadays. In 1981, the managers were too straight and do not communicate with the employees and just give them tasks and missions to do. Moreover, It seemed in the video that the working style was too boring for the employees, and the employees looked like they were doing their job with no excitement, which means that they are doing the job only to earn money not because they liked it. In 1981, employees used to eat or having lunch in the office or in the same place they work in. However, nowadays most companies or businesses have a room for the employees so they can have lunch comfortably with a large space to also make the employees feel comfortable because most companies or business culture nowadays depends on satisfying their employees unlike what the video showed us.

    – Mahmood A J A M Albeloushi

  • There has been an immense change in technology since the 1980s. The first major technological change that has taken a turn is when we evolved from typewriters to printers (1938) and computers (1975). Technology has been crucially embedded in our daily lives that it has become second nature to all. It has also helped women get opportunities to explore different fields because technology has replaced the “easy jobs” that women were assigned to. It has also helped industries quicken processes because tedious jobs have been felicitated and results come in faster due to that. Another technological benefit seen from the SNL skit is that mistakes can easily be fixed in a blink of an eye. It would not be seen as another hour added on to an employees day instead just a few seconds. There is also various features that are were not implemented in type writers such as, wireless connection to printers, different fonts, sizes, spelling and grammar corrections, multiple pages being printed, and systems that automatically save work and so on. A change in culture that I observed from this video is that people alter their jobs to how they see it fit for themselves and as well as not being limited to a place. Most cultures now days encourage employees to interact with different departments. For example, the WeWork environment has been popular lately. Another change that can also be linked to culture is that women now days are spread out within an industry and so are men. There is no such thing as limitations to gender roles. The phrase one size does not fit for all is evident and that is why there’s a multitude of cultures out there people can choose from in order to make sure everybody does their job properly. That was a result from industries progressing from the hierarchy culture and left it to those that need it for success such as hospitals and the military. -Mariem Buh

  • Technology has changed tremendously from 1981 to today. You can see that in the beginning, the two women are using typewriters, and nowadays those are very uncommon since we have more improved and more reliable machines, such as computers. If you were typing something on a typewriter and you made a mistake, you would have to completely trash that paper and start from scratch; nowadays if you’re typing on the computer, all you have to do is delete the mistake and continue from there, and that improves the business aspect because you save a lot more time fixing the error instead of completely starting over. Back then the business processes seemed a lot less stressful and work-heavy.. they didn’t have the complicated technological tools that we have today (Swim-Lane Diagrams, ERP’s, ERD’s…) so the two “Typists” in this skit seem a lot more “chill” and “relaxed” during their work day because their professions are typists, they type on the typewriter all day, they don’t need to worry about the intricate details and steps to use these tools. This ties in to the culture as well, the two typists seem to be very social and they talk about what they’re plans are for the night, in a way it’s similar to how coworkers converse with each other now, but back then it was a lot more laid back conversation then it is nowadays.
    -Anthony Santoro

  • Since the start of Saturday Night Live in 1981, there has been many changes. A new millennium came through and wiped out how daily business was conducted completely. In fact, the only similarity in business is the attire people wear to work. However, there are certainly many differences between then and now. Back in 1980s, jobs seemed uniform and repetitive. As illustrated in the skit, there were no database that stored information only metal file cabinets, and there were certainly no computers to input the data, so information was inputted via a typewriter and then filed. More importantly though, work was the same everyday and tasks were gender specific. In business, men did the “complicated, thought provoking work” while women sat and typed. Now, technology has not only changed where information is stored, it also changed work culture. CS has created cloud enabling entities all over the world to input data and retrieve data as needed. Business is faster, metrics are more precise, and forecasts are more accurate. Business is more about collaboration than individual effort. Moreover, women were finally recognized as a force that could change the world and deserves the same respect, pay, and opportunities as men. Technology has made communication more beautiful. For example, the picture quality of Saturday Night live unbelievable. Technology has revolutionized the speed of communication. Sharing information has never been as quick as it is today; not to mention the improvements to quality of work. Technology is an excellent resource that

  • Technology has grown at an exponential rate this past century and will only continue to do so. The skit shows two women typing away at a typewriter which to Millennials and Gen Z’ers seems like its ancient but in reality it was only several decades ago when they were the norm. The computers and phones we all have today evolved from the typewriter. Also the workers are seen using large blocky telephones connected through a wire as a means of telecommunication while today we have devices small enough to fit in our pockets that does the job better. This goes to show how crazy it is technology has advanced in such a short amount of time. What’s even crazier to think about is that the technologies that we think are ultra high tech that we have today will be left in the dust come 10-20 years.
    Not only has our technology seen rapid grow but also our business processes. Most businesses today rely heavily on cutting edge technology to operate normally but that isn’t the case back in 1981. Most, if not all of their data was stored in file cabinets and on paper. It takes time to retrieve the data because it actually requires some physical work. Today data is created and received instantaneously. We have the technology to link our data so we can have it whenever and wherever we want, LITERALLY. Some many different things such as Cloud systems, ERP, etc.
    Lastly aside from technology, there has been a large change in work culture. In 1981 the culture was very work orientated, meaning you are at your job to work, and nothing more. The largest factor for people back then for choosing a job was solely money and nothing else. Today it is much different. Jobs are a lot more accommodating to its employees and people seeking employment factor in many other things than money such as benefits, location, hours. Today’s work culture is a lot diverse and in general is a bit more lenient than back then. I can say this even for myself because I will only take a job if it has decent work life balance, with a laid back work culture, money is not a huge factor for me.

  • The world has made a lot of progress since the 1980’s in all facets of life. Technology, business processes, and culture have had a major shift from what they were in 1980’s especially. In the SNL skit we see 2 women copywriters, what appears to be their boss and an office environment filled with filing cabinets. Their boss was a man and didn’t acknowledge the 2 women yet they were both at attention in case their male boss needed something from them. This type of work environment was prevalent in many U.S. offices as shown in the popular TV drama Mad Men. The culture in modern society does not reflect that which the SNL skit portrayed. Today men and women are working side by side in offices that reflect a less exist society than in the 1980’s. Although sexism still exists, our society has come a long way since the SNL skit was created. Technology wise my generation has been at what seems to be the forefront of the technological revolution. Every year there is more progression being made to ease workflow and streamline business processes. Innovators like Bill Gates and Steve Jobs are largely responsible for the state of modern technology. Today businesses can store entire databases that contain the more information and files on a flash drive. Before databases and internet storage client lists were on a rolodex, employee and client information were processed and filed by hand, and businesses were not able to move on their feet to adapt to new practices. If a marketing firm were to split apart and high-level board members wanted to start their own firms it would require months of work. Information stored in filing cabinets on paper what would have to be reviewed by people and that leaves a lot of chance of errors being made, as well as being an overall slow process. Compared to today where clients and all their subsidiary information is stored in one place by online databases and can be recovered within minutes. Modern businesses are able to operate much more efficiently because of where technology has taken us. Companies that don’t adept are swallowed and spit out. Sears for example was a giant in the 80’s and recently filed for bankruptcy. Other forms of commerce arose and Sears did not adept fast enough to sustain their business.

  • There are many differences of technologies, business processes, and culture of 1981 as represented in the video compare to today. The technology is one of the major difference between the typewriter in the video and today’s technology. In the video, the typewriter is the machine those women use to type words and print it on the paper, but there are many disadvantages for it compare to today’s technology. The first disadvantage is that typewriter is too big and heavy, so people can’t take it with them, but in today, we have laptops that people can take with them since it is small and light. The next disadvantage is error correction, when people using the typewriter, if make an error you need to throw the paper away and restart again, but in today, we can use press a key to correct the error we made. The last disadvantage is the memory, people use typewriter can’t restore what they typed, so they need to retype again, but in today, we can see what we typed in the past easily by computer and laptop. The next difference is the business process, in the video, there are two women are doing the same work, but in today, it’s rare to see any business employees are doing the same thing, most employees are doing the different part of the work. In today’s business, most business would separate the workplace for employees, so employees can focus their own work, but in the video, those two women are working at the same table, so they can talk to each other easily, this also makes them can’t focus on work. The last difference is the culture, in the video, those women get their lunchbox from the locker and eat on their work table, but in today, most businesses have breakroom for employees to have a break and eat lunch. In the video, those women are talking about they want to have vacationed together, but in today’s business, it’s hard for two employees to have same vacation days because they want their employees to focus on work and have the positive attitude. Those are the differences between business and technology in the video with today’s business and technology.
    –Lihong Ren

  • Compared to The Typist (1981), there is a significant shift in technology, business processes and culture today. The biggest difference is innovation in technology and how people apply it in life. As we can see, in 1981 people still have to use typewriters for work. This action is performed in steps, repeated in the system and must be accurate. So if they type something wrong in the post, they have to throw it away without fixing it. In contrast, 37 years since 1981, people have been able to use more modern computers, replacing older typewriters. These two devices have the same function, but the computer is more functional and useful. Moreover, not only are computers invented, but more affordable computers are being created, such as laptops, tablets, etc. The other device that we see on the video has a huge change is the mobile phone. Since people in 1981 communicate via home phones, people today have their personal phones called cell phones or smartphones, which come from different brands, colors or design. In addition, cell phones can contain as many functions and storage as a computer can. The second point of changes is working environment, especially in business processes. Two women in The Typist do the same thing at once, such as: pick up the phone, type paperwork and eat lunch, etc. It was a default workflow for employees in 1981. By contrast, employees in 2018 tend to control more of their work with flexible time. They will adjust the amount of work according to their schedule to bring the best results in the job. In addition to the changes in technology and business processes, there is little cultural difference. In 1981, employers and staff had fewer conversations between working hours. Under different circumstances, job culture in 2018 is based on equality and potential. Therefore, there will be many interactions between co-workers and employers in the workplace. In addition, rumors during working hours and lunch are normal to reduce stress. In addition, the benefits of staff to have days off for vacation are the same, it is mandatory to have at that time and now. Finally, the changes in 1981 compared to 2018 are to enhance the working environment and better human relationships.

  • Technologies, today’s computer make it easier to type, and typist may not be a job nowadays.
    Business processes, modern world’s business is more fast because of the developed technology and employees still talk a lot spam during their work hours.
    Culture, maybe more people choose to not marry right now?
    –Yangkai Yu

  • After viewing the SNL skit “The Typists,” there were some very noticeable differences in the uses of technology, business processes, and overall culture of 1981 that the female typists demonstrated in the video that differs from society in today’s world. The most noticeable difference in technology this skit showed was the use of the typewriters in order to write documents. At the time, the typewriter was a very innovative machine that allowed workers who needed to write to have the option of typing documents for convenience purposes. However, in today’s world technology has drastically changed and most people now write on computers, tablets, mobile devices etc. It has now become even easier to access important documents and people now have the capability of using technology whenever needed. There is also an evident change of the business processes used back in the 1980’s that have evolved in today’s society to enhance performance in a company. As you could see in the skit, the typewriters were documenting their information on paper which can be challenging to share or distribute information to other parts of the company. Now business processes have evolved due to technology, and information can be easily distributed and accessed through databases which can enhance an employee’s performance. A change in culture from back then to now is shown in the workplace environment the typists were in during the skit. A specific example I noticed was when the man, that I believe to be a manager of sorts, who walked passed the women in the middle of the scene didn’t acknowledge his co-workers at all. In today’s workplace, communication between managers and employees is a critical factor in company success because it makes sure that everyone is on the same page and there is no confusion throughout the divisions of the company.
    -Conor Nelms

  • One of the biggest differences between technology today and technology in the 1980’s is the speed at which everything can be done. The women in The Typist are using a Smith Corona typewriter of which they have to slide back and forth after their words get to the end of the page. This is obviously time consuming and could possibly put a strain on your hands. Today, we have computers with Microsoft and Google Docs. We can simply type 6 pages of content without doing too much hand movement or ever having to switch a page. All we have to do is type away and hit print and we have our documents complete. The most replacing of paper we have to do is for the printer which this also will only take a couple of minutes. Everything can be done much faster today in regards to technology. Office phones have also changed from the 1980’s to today. Office phones now have caller ID’s. Clearly the women in The Typist did not know who was calling them at first. On office phones now, workers can put people on hold, transfer them to different departments, etc. Office phones in the 80’s did not have that ability. One might have had to tell the person they are speaking with to call them back instead of putting them on hold. One might have also had to have the person they were speaking to call the other department instead of being transferring them.

    When it comes to business processes, just like in the 1980’s employees have been able to take vacations. The women in the typist were talking about their vacations and when they were taking them. Vacations are an important part of business processes. I believe that is important to take a break from work and enjoy your life.

    In regards to The Typist, business culture in the 1980’s to today has both evolved and stayed the same. One of the biggest differences I noticed is how close the women’s work spaces were to each other. Today we have cubicles in almost every office. Office workers now have their privacy and own sections. The biggest similarity between office culture from the 1980’s to today is the gossiping and cattiness that can happen between coworkers. The women in the Typist were speaking maliciously about their other coworker that was absent that day. This still happens today and many people have left jobs because of the petty culture some companies have.

  • Comparing the changes in technologies, business processes, and culture of 1981 to today’s day and age, it is drastically different. There is a seldom use of typewriters at offices or even at our homes. The only people that might be into using a typewriter, are probably writers who like to do their writing the traditional way.
    In 2018, everyone uses laptops or desktops and these devices are so much faster than the typewriters. Technology has kept evolving since 1981 and nowadays people don’t have the patience to type up a document on a typewriter due to the amount of time it takes. Adding on to that, professionals like their office spaces to be quiet and typing on a typewriter causes quite the noise. Typing up on a laptop isn’t as loud as a typewriter.
    Additionally, the two female employees that are shown, are gossiping loudly. There is a change in culture and employees don’t normally gossip where they work. They may take it outside and but it is extremely unprofessional if they are caught doing so. These employees are distracted by having a conversation with each other the whole time they are working. They could redo their work if they messed up but in 2018, if people messed up, sometimes there are severe consequences for that.
    Even though many employees still eat at their desk, a majority of them either go out or eat at a cafeteria. It’s very obvious that the employees were ogling the male employee when he was passing by. Co-workers usually don’t ogle each like this because they respect the professional space they are in.
    Another difference is that the employees are discussing about their vacation destinations and how they wish they could go together. Nowadays, employers will try to accommodate and create a win-win situation by hanging out after work or give employers a same vacation spot.

  • “The Typists” which is a Saturday Night Live skit that represented the time period around the 1980’s shows how much society has changed in technology,

    as well as business processes. Comparing the changes in technology, business processes and culture of 1981 to today’s world is drastically different.

    Typewriters are almost all out of use if not completely outdated. Today we have some of the most advanced technology in the world, especially here in the

    United States. Companies such as Apple/Mac, Sony, Microsoft and even Testla have changed the way we live our daily lives. What would our world be with out

    cell phones, computers? We wouldn’t have access to the internet, and social media would probably just not exist. In 1981, typewriters and telephones such as

    the ones shown in the video are antiques compared to what devices and what not, that are present in our World today, however without typewriters and landline

    phones, Apple may have never existed. They were huge technological breakthroughs that have made us able to create our technological world today.

    The business processes were also very evident of the similarities and differences from today. The first thing I noticed was how the male work man payed no

    attention whatsoever to the to two women who were typewriting as he walked right by them. I think that today in order for a business to succeed communication

    must be one of the priorities. Communication between employees is essential for businesses to operate smoothly and when problems arise to handle them

    accordingly. The other thing is that the two women do not seem to be very productive since they basically are just talking to each other and talking on the phone

    to their friends. In a business today, socializing is definitely not frowned upon if anything it is encouraged. That is to an extent though. As seen in the SNL skit, it

    can get to be a problem as they are not working productively. I think that the culture of 1981 as a whole was not entirely different even though it may look so. A

    lot of the goals and values of business are similar in some ways or another.

    Chris Della Donna

  • Since 1981, the business environment has sustained many innovations in technology, processes, and culture. The examples within this SNL skit that prove the above claim.

    In the skit, both women are working on type writers which have been completely phased out by desktop computers, lab tops, and tablets. There are also multiple filing cabinets in the background which most companies have replaced with data servers that electronically store information.

    In the skit, two women are seen doing virtually the same position. The majority of business practices have tried condense position’s to be handled by one person. This is a eliminates duplicate work and is a financially responsible move.

    In the skit, it is apparently that a man is in leadership position while women hold administrative positions. This culture has drastically changed. Now women are placed in leadership positions much more often.

    This skit shows that the business enviornment has changed drastically.

  • The biggest difference between today and 1981 that can be observed in the skit is the use of typewriters. In 1981, these were the most efficient way for individuals to create documents of any kind. Today, computers have obviously taken over this role. Something to note is that computers are not restricted to only one task, creating documents. Computers have a far wider array of uses and this in part may be why the business world is so much different today. Computers and the software that come with them have revolutionized how we manage businesses and how we record data. Going further, the ability of an individual to use a computer to complete so many worthwhile tasks compared to an individual working at a firm only type on a typewriter has given each individual employee more power than ever before. It’s hard to say that employees are more valuable today though, as computers are so powerful that they can now easily automate tasks that had to be done by individuals in the past. So while computers have increased the power of employees, they may not be all good.

    While phones have obviously advanced somewhat from the 1980s, phones in offices have not changed as much as the computer has compared to the typewriter. Most offices have landlines that employees are expected to use when conducting calls to customers/potential customers. These phones have the capability for caller ID, which doesn’t always work, and are more streamlined than before. Any individual from the 1980s could still just as easily use these phones as they did the ones in the video. This is interesting, as it shows that there is still a potential for great improvement in this area. With that being said, maybe if office landlines have not evolved much from the 1980s it is for a reason. Maybe business analysts have concluded that such an evolution would not be cost effective or necessary for a business. At the end of the day, talking on the phone with a person will not be much different than it was in the 1980s.

    Another interesting thing about the video is the culture that is showcased. The two women do not get much work done before their lunch break, instead opting to talk and gossip for the majority of their time in the office. While it would be nice to believe that this is no longer the case in business, it still sometimes is. In the two offices I have worked in thus far, one of them still exhibited a culture like this. Not everybody was focused on working, but instead socializing with co-workers and doing very little work. This is something a business analyst would hate to see, as so much time wasted while still paying employees is considered theft by some businesses. At the other office it is very different, everybody is always working hard. This goes to show that business culture is not something that has drastically changed over the years.

  • This video vividly displays what were the business processes, cultures, and utilities back in the 1980s. After finishing this video, I can see that how prosperous and convenient we are due to the invention of computers, internet, and other technologies. Also, the culture of business is totally different due to the changes in perspectives and opinions.
    For the technologies and the utility aspect, the majority of information was collected, analyzed, recorded, and distributed through the paper form. That’s why typist was one of the most popular careers. Keyboards and papers are the key pieces of information and content. It’s not saying that papers are antique and useless compared to computers and internet. It contains both advantage and disadvantage. Back then, there weren’t too much-unstructured data. So the access to information was fairly easy and explicit compared to our modern era. However, the biggest problem with paperwork is that they are easily damaged by temperature, humidity, dirt, and even time that could result in the lost and error of information. Also, everything was typed, so it’s definitely more time-consuming.
    Computers and internet bring us speed, convenience, and a wide range of information across the globe. There is no boundary between countries due to internet. Every day, we received tons of information through news, YouTube videos, and posts from social media like Instagram, Facebook, and snap chat. Nevertheless, due to the volume of information, the incorrect, fake, and biased information and content were flooded, too.
    Lastly, the culture makes huge differences, too. From the video, we could see that the status between manager and employee was very significant. As of now, the status between employers and employees are not as significant as before. Today, it’s all about innovation, digital, and resonant working environment.

  • In SNL’s skit, “The Typists”, we can immediately spot the major differences in technology, business processes, and culture between now and 1980’s. Firstly, the obvious difference in technology is that instead of tediously using typewriters, there is the availability of different kinds of computers that can be used to record data or other information. Such computers range from desktops to cell phones. Typewriters today are considered outdated and antique and are mainly used by authors. This transition has allowed for a significant cut in opportunity cost, as the time previously used for typing, changing paper, etc. can now be used for more efficient use of time. A change in the business process is that it’s easier to transport data to many different people or databases. In the skit, we can see that data is written up by the two women in paper and possibly distributed to others that need it. However, with the new technology that we have today, data can easily be distributed between countries and different databases. Lastly, the culture that is seen in the skit shows an uncomfortable closeness and monotony with which things are carried out. The two female employees were sat right next to each other every day and repeated the same tasks. This is why the last line in the skit was sarcastic in that they already see each other every day at work. Another major difference is that women back then were assigned more menial tasks (Such as typing up information) and were not really seen in higher positions. Today, many women hold important positions in businesses and have branched out in many different areas of expertise.

    Stephanie Sheu

  • 1981 is completely different than present day demonstrated in the SNL skit. There are three evidence: the typewriter, the stamp, and the culture. Typewriters no longer exist because the computer took over them. Typewriters constantly need to shift to the next paragraph, but in the computer it is the enter button. Computers took over because it was convenient and have features that a typewriters does not have. Business process is way different back then; in the modern world, there are different process such as ERP. When a document is submitted to be approved, it is in the computer and simple click can approve it. In 1981, they need a stamp ,of some sort, to improve it. Everything is digitize for the business process today. In 1981, men were the boss and mostly in the upper chain management. However, in present day, women can hold a superior rank in the company. An example is Lockheed Martin’s CEO, Marillyn Hewson. Culture in the workplace change throughout time. In conclusion, present day business is completely different than 1981.

  • So much has changed since 1981. The use of typewriters was standard in 1981, but the machine is now outdated since computers have emerged. The kind of landline telephone they had is no longer used because modern technology has created an electric cordless telephone. The business processes were not very efficient because there were no systems in place to manage the information and data. They had a standard filing cabinet, and while filing cabinets are still used today, they have minimal storage because most of current files and information is stored on computers. Now this information is easily accessible and can be distributed to other firms at the click of a button. In the video, the devices do not provide as much convenience as current technology provides. The work culture in 1981 is also quite different and is typically known to be stricter and less personable. The two women working do not seem to be enjoying themselves doing very mechanical movements with the typewriter and phone. The say how typing is boring, but only if you don’t make it interesting. The boss is not very personable and does not even say hello. The two women then talk about trying get their vacations during the same time. Now, employees do not have trouble getting vacations at the same time as their coworkers.

  • 1981 typewriter is still the main tool of office. Now it has been replaced by computers and printers. Nearly 40 years ago, humans were unable to imagine that the world was changing so fast. Now that we have the Internet and are about to enter the big data age from the information age, office tools will become more convenient and more fast. Just like now, Ipad and mobile phones can also take part in the functions of computers. Today’s business information is stored in databases, which can store more information, be safer, and be easier to find than paper.
    Also it can be seen from the video that 1981 of the workplace is quite different from today. We can see that two female employees are only engaged in lower level jobs. From the male leaders got in the office, their expressions show that they have no voice in the company. In today’s office, women account for a large proportion, and many of the top executives or bosses are female.

  • I observed many things while watching this SNL skit. One, I believe both of these woman were in the movie “Annie.” Besides that, there are many differences and similarities that have to do with the present at the past. This skit takes place in 1981, you can tell by the image quality. The first thing i noticed was that the two woman were using type writers. No one uses type writers today. They take way too long to produce work. Now everyone in a work setting uses a high tech laptop to type. I noticed that the woman messed up typing a few times and had to throw out their papers. Now laptops come with autofill. This means the laptop basically guesses your next word and has spell check. I noticed behind them was a bunch of filing cabinets. This is where documents are stored. Now everything is stored online in a folder or in the “cloud” which is an Apple term. These files are located by simply going online and accessing them. Storage cabinets are heavy are hard to locate individual folders and then you have to file them in alphabetical order otherwise its impossible to locate one you’re looking for. When they’re online, the computer automatically puts them in order. The third thing I noticed was that their was woman working the front desk which is also very common today in the present. But the difference now is that the boss isn’t always a man like it was in the SNL skit. Times have changed in that way. Woman gained more power over the years. I also noticed that the woman workers were using stamps. It showed them stamping the same pice of paper at least five times. This takes up a lot of time which is another thing that a laptop would do for you or just send it through email or fax. Lastly, I noticed the woman were using phones with chords. This means they cant leave their desk and talk on the phone and multitask. Today, everyone owns chord-less phones that way a worker can multitask and get more work done. Basically, I came to the conclusion that today, businesses want their processes to go faster and more accurate which is what MIS actually focuses on.

  • Since the beginning of SNL many changes in the world have occurred. When it comes to the business side of the world the technology, process, and culture has changed dramatically.

    The biggest technological change in this video is the transformation of the typewriter. Now we have computers and wireless printers. Computers have saved companies money and time and allowed for more efficient production. With computers you can delete mistakes whereas a typewriter once you made a mistake you had to throw the paper away. Now phones are being used for typing and research like computers. Filing cabinets also do not exist anymore with data and information that can be stored on computers and databases. The increase in technological efficiency has led to changes in the business processes. Another thing companies are able to do with technology is monitor their workers and see how good of a job their doing. If the company had easily accessible data to see how these women are doing, they could use the data to see if they are doing a good job.

    The business processes have changed a lot since 1981 too. The biggest change involves technology. Instead of mailing or handing a paper to someone you can just email them or fax them a paper saving time and energy. A similar business process is employees being able to have vacation time. Vacation time gives happiness to employees and the days off can increase production when they are on the job. A process that is different is that for companies to save money they use as little workers as possible. Some companies suffer from diseconomies of scale where they have too many workers and making one person do one job can save them that money.

    The culture of the work place has changed a lot since 1981. In this woman are shown as the low-level worker which was very popular in the between post WWII and the 90’s. Now women are holding high leadership positions like Ginny Rometty at IBM. Another culture change is how businesses are set up. In the 80’s most offices were small, cramped, and everybody had their own space. Nowadays many companies are changing that and making their offices like an open field house so more employees collaborate with each other. One similarity is the side conversations and gossip at work. Although gossip is not considered good the small talk while working can make work more enjoyable, but you must make sure it is not getting in the way.

  • There has been many changes to culture, business processes and technology since 1980’s. Among some of the changes that have occurred is the use of a typewriter. A typewriter is considered to be an antique machines these days and have been replaced by tablets or computer which dramatically eases a person’s work load. A person who uses a typewriter would need to constantly replenish the papers as they type and press other buttons to continue typing but a computer or tablet need so such extra effort and is much more environmentally friendly as they do not need papers to continue working.
    Another difference that occurred since 1981 is that women are able to hold high positions in companies and are not seen as secondary compared to men.
    One similarity that did not change over the years is the gossip between the ladies in the office, even until now, women tend to find the time to chat about the happenings in the office.

  • Since 1981 many things have changed, including the workplace. Some major changes in the workplace most definitely include the advancement of technology and business processes. For example in 1981, as shown in the clip, most of the time people, especially women, who were secretaries or needed to type information were using typewriters to document all data and paperwork as well as “print” said data. Nowadays people and workplaces use computers and printers, that sometimes are wireless even, to complete their work and store all their data and work. With regards to business processes, a major change is how fast things are done and who does them. In 1981 most things were typed on a type-writer, usually by a women, and then the typer-writer had to be refilled and once all the papers were type they need stamped or filed or delivered to the person that desired them. In modern times mostly everything is done electronically and is completed much faster, and there is a more diverse group of people completing said tasks as well. Another thing that’s different as far as culture is the clothing and hair choices, the colors that the characters are wearing are much more dull than what a women in the workplace now would wear and most people no longer wear their hair in the same style as women and men did in the 80s. As far as similarities, from now and 1981 one thing that hasn’t changed is workplace gossip and politics. As shown in the beginning of the clip the two women are seen talking about their co-worker and how gossiping about why she may not have shown up to work that day and later on start to talk about who she may or may not have been with earlier in the week. Gossip between people, especially women, is one thing that has not changed overtime and will most likely not.

  • There are drastic differences between the technology used in this 1981 SNL skit, and the technology used in todays society. The first thing that I noticed watching this skit was the fact that the women were writing out documents using typewriters. The two women had to manually insert page by page into the typewriter, hoping that they did not mess up anything because they would have to start all over. Back in 1981, this was seen as one of the most efficient means of documentation. With todays technology, typewriters have been replaced with desktop computers, laptops, and in some cases, tablets. Opposed to having to start all over again after one mistake and having to type the same documents several times, we have wireless printers to make copies and the simple “backspace” setting to correct the mistakes. In fact, in todays work place, the job as a typewriter is pretty much extinct. In order to get a job in todays society, typing needs to be one of the many minor skills that one needs to encompass in order to be deemed capable for nearly any job offered.
    Another piece of older technology that I discovered within this clip was the use of the huge filing cabinets within the office. Today, those file cabinets have been replaced with online documentation. In fact, from what I understand, people hardly ever use filing cabinets anymore. The two women also used landlines to answer their calls, whereas we have handheld devices such as iPhones, apple watches, and tablets to send messages or make phone calls to one another. There was a clear difference between the technologies presented within this skit, from the style of lunch boxes to the canned soups that the women had for lunch.
    The business processes presented in this short clip are also different from those that we have in place in todays society. First off, it seemed as if in The Typist, the women were confined to their desks all day just typing up documents. There was no interaction between the two women and anyone else in another department of the business.
    There were also several differences between the culture of a business back in 1981 and the culture of a business in todays society. For one, during their lunch break, the two women went into the filing cabinets, pulled out their lunch boxes and ate their canned soups at their desks. Meanwhile, in todays society, it is a lot more likely for people to eat their lunches in break rooms or for them to go out for lunch. There are also better storage methods for holding lunches today than filing cabinets. Also, there was no communication between then two women working at their desks and the gentlemen who walked by. The gentlemen did not even think to look their way or even attempt to acknowledge their presence. However, in todays workplace, people are a lot more friendly and actually take the time out to acknowledge those whom of which they work with.

  • This video really goes to show you how much we’ve changed in the past 30 years, from typewriters two smartphones it’s a really big transformation. If you really think about it, the world functioned completely different back in the 1980s. there was no internet or emails back then so most communication was done through phone calls and mail. Also, the way we consume technology and media was completely different back then. People read the newspaper a lot more back in the eighties because if you weren’t Rich enough to afford a TV the only way you could get information about the news every morning was from newspapers. Also unlike today with streaming services if you wanted to consume and listen to music you would have to listen to the radio or use a vinyl player. One of the greatest leaps in Ingenuity and Technology we’ve made in this modern era is the ability to be Completly mobile. Now we are able to do almost every single thing we could do at home on our smartphones. For example, you can watch television on your phone, you can read any book on your phone, and you can even start a business on your phone. Another big change from the 80s to the modern era is how businesses are run. A task that would take months on end to complete back in the 80s what only take a couple days in our time. Although it was only a couple of decades ago, we as a human race have made extraordinary leaps towards a better tomorrow.

  • Advancement in technology has changed the ways business is looked at. People don’t use typewriters for a necessity to get work done but for leisure and luxury. Today, society can type a whole college essay off their phones, probably not the best idea but that just shows how advanced technology has gotten and continues to grow. Some things I picked up on in The Typist were the gender roles and the race dynamics, in that particular setting, at the office. The business processes in 1981, constructed a workplace where white women were meant to only go as high as a typist, and a white male as the boss. In 2018 there are laws and act had to adjust as technology and cultural did. You’ll see in mission statements and business model claiming that their driving values are to be diverse staff. An employer can not discriminant against race, color religion, sex, and nationality, under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. But because of the vast movement in technology the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 is something that can also not be discriminated against.
    The change in technology and the business model has eliminated many of the roles and task in business today. In 1981 working for a company everyone was locked into their strictly defined roles and relationships, unlike today. Peoples definition of business attire has changed drastically.

  • Revolutionary: To cause a complete and dramatic change. Looking back at history, most see revolutionary events in its most basic form. World war two was won by the allies, Christopher Columbus discovered north America, etc. What most don’t see, however, is the technologies at the time that enabled these events to happen. Christopher Columbus was able to travel such lengths because La Santa Maria could travel at a top speed of eight knots (which was amazing for that time period), and World War two had advanced military inventions such as the creation of jet engines and aerosol. The SNL skit exemplifies how the advancement of technology has shaped our society into what it is today. From the beginning of the show, it is easy to note several differences from the 1800s to present day. There are no computers and the women use a typewriter to work. Computers weren’t introduced into offices until the latter part of the 1900s. The use of typewriters show how unethical working tools were. Besides the challenge of typewriting (most people averaged to below 40-50 words per minute), the issue of retracting mistakes was impossible, thus making the overall process very time consuming. Another notable difference is the lines of filing cabinets. Since there were no computers to store the company’s information, employees would have to mainly find documents and constantly update their work as well. The business process and culture of the 1800s progressed fast with upcoming technologies. Those who lived through these changes felt them to be more than technological innovations. To them, the primeval boundaries of human experience was erased, and it ushered in a new age. Alongside the technological inventions, the 1800s was profoundly changed by the reorganizing work as a mechanical process, with humans as part of that process. This meant dividing work so individual workers would guide entire processes from start to finish. In contrast to today, business processes are much more ethical with the constant advancement of new technologies as well as new programs. Our society is focused on moving forward. On constantly looking to make businesses faster and more efficient (this has shaped businesses today). The culture is definitely much less segregated than in the video. It is more common for men and women to work together (however, there definitely still is segregation). Overall, there have been many drastic changes from the 1800s to today, and it is through technology and acceptance that we have gotten to this point.

  • There has been a drastic change in technology since the times of typewriters. In the SNL skit, the women are using an old fashioned typewriter where have to manually put the paper in place, push the whole top part to the right to indent after each line, and make sure there are no typos or the whole page is ruined. Compared to modern technology this is very inefficient. New technologies throughout the years allowed us to move on from this inefficient era of data keeping to the age of computers. Modern computers allow you to do everything a typewriter does, but more efficiently. There is no need to manually place paper or throw out a whole page because of a typo. You can easily edit your document with a few clicks of a button. You’re allowed to type without all of the unnecessary steps that came with a typewriter. No need to place a new paper after every page. No need to manually push the typewriter to indent. A computer does all of this for you allowing us to speed up the process of data keeping. This had a big impact on business processes since the 1980s. Data tracking and data storage has advanced enabling businesses to run more efficiently and expand. Information systems has made many things possible for businesses that they could have never been able to do without the development of modern computers. They are able to reach a vast amount customers in a faction of the time it would have taken a few decades ago. Along with technology and business processes there has been many changes in culture as well. During the SNL skit, the women played the role of the typist and their boss was portrayed as a male figure to which the women stopped what they were doing and adored when he entered the room. Recently, there has been a growth of women in leadership roles and owning/running successful businesses. In a more modern SNL skit I would not find it surprising if the roles were switched and I don’t believe today’s society would find anything wrong with that. Something that hasn’t changed since this 1981 SNL skit is what I would call modern slavery. Where people go to work, perform 1 boring task, go home and wait their vacation days. The sense of “I hate my job” or “work is boring” has not changed since this SNL skit.

  • Compared to 1981, the year 2018 has been a huge leap forward. First of all, in terms of technology, typists do the same thing with the same machine in this video. They look very bored and work like machines are moving. All of their processes and actions are the same, and in this video they are funny-looking. Unlike these people, these days it is quite difficult to find someone who does the same thing. Different programs are used by the same computer, and if you make mistakes, you can work faster and more easily with your computer than you can fix with a typewriter. Instead of ripping and inserting paper like a typewriter, you can print it right on the click, print it multiple times, save it online without having to save it from a cabinet, and send it to others easily. you can now click online and store them all in a database, and your business process has become simpler and more convenient. Unlike the old days of working, eating, and relaxing in one place, the atmosphere has changed a lot because there are separate working spaces, restaurants, and rest areas. Unlike in the past, where today’s work was more diverse and complicated, and the work atmosphere was rigid and rigid, there is now a more liberal and comfortable culture.
    Soonhoo Park

  • This video depicts really well how technology has changed over the years. As you can see in the video, the main technology in the office is the typewriter. Typewriter is a very outdated technology as it wasn’t fast and efficient enough. Nowadays, typewriters are rarely seen in an office, instead it is replaced by desktop computers, laptops, printers, fax machines and copy machines. Most things are done electronically now and sometimes people just read it on their computers or smartphones and does not need to print the document out. The telephone also looks a little outdated and different from what we use now. Most telephones now are either cordless and has caller ID. Although telephone is still used as a form of communications, I think email is now the main form of communication at work.

    In the video it looks like the two women are doing very repetitive tasks that does not require much analytical and critical skills. They gossip a lot at work. The two women are working in sync which I think rarely occurs. Also I think most office jobs are set up as cubicles now and each employee have a little bit of privacy. This video depicts the typical type of job that women would have back then. Usually it is clerical and secretary type of jobs and not positions that requires more leadership.

    In the video you can see the two women pulling out their lunch from the cabinets instead of from the refrigerators and they use lunch boxes that are not insulated. I feel like nowadays people would usually eat out or order and they would eat at a break-room or cafeteria.

  • The very first thing I saw in the video was the use of type writers. In 1981 it was very common to see these in homes, offices, and schools. If a mistake was made the women would have to throw out what they were working on and replace each page to start over again. Also, as they reached the end of the paper they were working on they would have to replace the paper. Today not so much, now we have tablets, desktops, Smartphones and laptops. Digital Word processors such as Microsoft Word can be used on each of these. In our word processors we have the option to delete and copy & paste among many other new features. In the video each task seemed very manual, today we have printers were paper is loaded and printed out without having to prep each page. Today we even have wireless printing through wifi at homes, schools, and offices. I noticed that the women didn’t have their own designated work areas. In most places of business you either have your own office, cubicle or at the very least your own desk. I did notice something that hasn’t changed since the 1980’s and that office gossip. I think that will still be as alive today as I was back then.

  • From this Carol Burnett Show skit, there are a lot of cultural, technological, and processes that have changed since.

    I think what first stood out to me the most were the cultural aspects of this skit. We watch these two women who hold secretarial jobs, talking gossip. It is so different from today because a clerical role nowadays can go to just anyone qualified for it. Plus, this role stereotyped women in the workplace as only one dimensional, not having a lot of skill, but are nagging, gossiping people. Both of the women were uniform in their haircuts being tall and what preoccupied their gossip. It looked so normal for them that it was funny since times have changed – we can even get lawsuits for certain gossip sometimes!

    Technologically, we wouldn’t need a typewriter anymore, nor someone specialized in it. Nowadays, everyone knows how to use a computer in the workspace and are often required to do it themselves. Our computers automatically do things that the typewriter couldn’t do, such as reset for a new line on the paper. Also, the women had a whole filing cabinet – today’s world, you necessarily wouldn’t need it because you would have a filing system on your computer of your files.

    The businesses processes as a result are now more efficient because we had more technologies that have been formulated in technology to be done a particular way and efficiency. This has resulted in there being a better system overall.

  • The video shows a lot of interesting characteristics of a 1981 workplace, including the tech, some basic practices, and also vacation days. Type writers, as well as outdated filing techniques, were heavily used, which directly contradicts modern practices. The largest being the change from an entirely paper-based filing and documenting system to a primarily electronic filing form with the use of internal servers and shared folders within an organization but also services such as DropBox or GoogleDrive. What is really interesting about this change is that we are able to see just how quickly a new technology can revolutionize a field. While the actors in this skit work entirely with mechanical typewriters, and pre-made forms, we see a huge change towards the use of modern word processing systems that allow for highly customizable forms that are low cost to print out only a handful, rather than forms that don’t quite work for everything that they are needed for but must be bought in large bulk in order to minimize those costs. You’ll also notice the use of traditional filing cabinets which have greatly decreased in use in the past decade. At my old office, we managed files for payment and just a lot of individualized information for over 15,000 students, and we only had one filing cabinet and a drawer in a desk that we used to store such information. Almost everything that we did was digitized and been so in a way that made it significantly easier to operate. In fact I was able to practically automate most of the weekly reports that I was in charge of creating, which is something that has definitely changed drastically since 1981. But an important note is that business culture hasn’t seemed to. While nuances such as what employees are wearing definitely have changed with many new workplaces not even requiring a suit jacket or blazer as a part of the business dress-code, yet coworkers maintain a lot of the same relationships with each other, in opening up about the personal lives and looking to connect as friends and not just colleagues.

  • Technology was different today compared to 1981 as it tied into how everything was done and people’s personal lives as well. I will start off with the typewriter as there are many problems with it which is why it isn’t used today. First, it is extremely time consuming as you have to put more movement and effort than today’s computers. Also once you make a mistake, then it has to be trashed and you have to start all over. The typewriter doesn’t involve with much skill which is why there is the stereotype of women of being weaker and less intelligent than men. There is another problem as it limits the ability to multitask as you have to focus to make sure you don’t make a mistake. Today everyone has a computer and uses daily whether it’s for personal or work, so it’s odd that these women don’t have one. Also, around this time computers were invented yet it is likely men of high status within the company had them.

    Next is the phone which has a cord and no caller ID. This phone seems to be used for both personal and work unlike today which we have a separation of them. Now, we have Bluetooth and our cellphones which allow us to see who is calling us and where it is from. The women use the phone with their desks right next to one another which is odd for us today. In today’s society, we hold privacy and work ethic high in priority so seeing these women not having either is strange for this generation. What is also different from today, is that they eat at their desks and not a break room for their break. Today we have a cafeteria or restaurants near by as it allows us a break from work and to be away from it for a bit. Like I said before, we often try to not mix our personal life with our work life. Lastly, the conversation of vacation between the women. They both have separate work days as a way to prevent productions to slow down as they (the company) possibly can’t afford a slow week or simply because their women.

  • When we look back at the technology of 1981, it even looks funny how employees worked in a business environment and the tools they used such as the typewriter. Today in 2018, we see typewriters as ancient because the technology has advanced a lot. Everything used to be so simple and all they had to do is type whatever they had to work on, but their work seems so easy because they can’t stop talking and joking with each other. Nowadays in a business environment there is a lot more complications including here the advance in technology such as computers, phones and the work that employees are required to accomplish. Employees don’t need much of a physical work to type like the ladies in the video moving in a funny way at the same time. In a business environment today, I’m pretty sure there is still rumors about each other even though everyone might seem quiet and nice but now they can text whatever they want to say, and they don’t have to say it out loud. In 1981 there was no texting so if they spoke to someone on the phone, especially at work, there was no privacy and they couldn’t step out either, so their conversations were transparent, and everyone would know what you’re talking about. Today we don’t have to face these difficulties because the technology provides us with smart phones that are able to do almost everything and we can manage them as we want, but this also made people a lot more unsocialized in person.

  • From 1981 to 2018, the business world has gone through massive changes, not only in technology, but also in the way people do their tasks and communicate with each other. In 1981, typewriters were still commonly used in offices. Typing documents with typewriters were slow and inefficient because typists had to type very carefully, as they would have to redo a whole page if they made a single typo. This is no longer a problem with today’s computers and office programs, which allow us to correct mistakes. We can also save documents as files and print them in large numbers, instead of typing multiple times.
    Improvements in technology has also altered the tasks professionals are required to do. In the age of typewriters, typists spent hours a day typing, which was very repetitive and boring, and required little critical thinking skills. In contrast, current technology allows us to work much more efficiently, but professionals are typically responsible for a wider variety of tasks. Apart from typing documents, they may also have to make analyses and present insights to management. With more responsibilities, today’s professionals are encouraged to work with others, both with nearby colleagues and those of other teams or departments. The working environment has become more connected, but also more stressful compared to three decades ago, where communication between departments were very limited and people typically only talked to close colleagues.

  • I think it has been a very massive change in technology since 1981 and nowadays. Later days people were used to doing most of their job manually. The first thing I noticed was that the two women were using these old typing machines but now no one uses to do any manual typing machines. Nowadays we can type any information not only on computers but also, we can do this on our laptops, tablets, and smartphones. The process of typing became very easy for everyone and you don’t have to go to the office or any other place to type what you need. Also, we can see how one of the women made a mistake in typing on the machine and she had to trash the whole paper and start from scratch. However, now if you make a mistake while typing on any electronic devices you can easily delete the mistake and continue typing wherever you stopped.
    Another good example of a dramatic change in technology nowadays is the ability to type and print anywhere you want and have WI-FI. Computers and the internet bring us speed, convenience, and a wide range of information across the globe. There is no boundary between countries due to the internet. One of the disadvantages is that typing machine is too big and heavy, so people can not take it with them, but in today, because we have laptops or tablets that people can take with them anywhere they go since it is small and light. Now you can just do typing at any place carrying your laptop. The other device that has been improved since 1981 is the phone. In the video, we can see how women are using the landline telephone which we can hardly to see now because everyone is using their cell phones or cordless telephones.
    I noticed behind the workers there was a bunch of filing cabinets. This is where they stored all the documents in the office those days. However, now everything is stored online in the folder or in the “cloud” which Apple company created several years ago. Storing all business information online or in the folders on the laptops is easier because you can find the information which you need faster and the computer automatically puts them in an alphabetical order or any other order you want. What is also different from today, is that the workers are having their lunch at their working space and not in a break room. Today there are so many cafeterias, restaurants, tracks with food which allows employers to take a break and be away from their job for a bit. One similarity that has not changed over the years is the gossip between the ladies in the office, even until now, employers tend to find the time to chat about what happenings in the office or the world today.

  • I was shocked to see how easily I forgot how much technology had improved over the years. I knew technology came a long way but watching the skit made me realize how much easier our daily tasks are because of technology especially now that I’m beginning a my journey in the business world.
    In the skit, the typists only had one tool that permitted them to write, nowadays we can also use typewriters but it’s neither practical nor efficient, we use laptops, computers, even our cellphones. We don’t even have to manually type, some devices can type what we say. The second thing that I noticed is that it would be very difficult to move around with a typewriter but now, every device is portable except desktop computers. Not only can we move easily but we can also correct are mistakes in record time and not have to retype the whole page. How frustrating would that be? And can you imagine how much paper went to waste in the 1980s? the poor trees! Last but not least, saving and sharing our files is easier than ever with the internet and cloud-based databases.

  • The technologies, business processes, and culture in the 1980’s are extremely different when compared to modern times. The SNL skit “The Typists” represents the corporate environment of 1981 and this skit contrasts so much from 2018. The technologies in 1981 were simpler and less advanced/complex than technologies in 2018. The two women in the skit are seen using typewriters to produce letters. In 1981, people used typewriters to write letters but in 2018 typewriters are obsolete. Computers, laptops, smartphones, tablets, and other high-tech gadgets replaced the typewriters. These advanced technologies are much more efficient and prolific than the typewriters. More work/tasks can be accomplished at a much faster rate in 2018 than in 1981 due to innovative technology. The business processes were more tedious to complete in 1981 than in 2018. The two typists in this skit are seen moving the top part of the typewriter to their right after finishing typing up each and every line. They have to take out the sheet of paper after they typed it up and put in a new sheet every time. The business processes in 1981 were more manually performed and were completed at a slower rate than in 2018. The business processes now have evolved as emerging fields such as MIS are more machine and data based. All corporate jobs require some level of technological knowledge/skill in 2018. In 1981, different people had particular tasks that only those people are supposed to fulfill like the two typists who only typed documents. But in 2018, everyone is expected to have a general knowledge about a wide variety of areas/tasks and to be able to accomplish. There is a shift from being good at one task in the 1981 to being well rounded at multiple tasks in 2018. This is also tied to culture. Corporate culture has changed in the past 40 years. Women in working in the corporate field in 1981 were not given an equal opportunity to advance their careers. Most women were stuck with desk jobs and at typist or secretary positions. Now in 2018, there is little gender discrimination and women have the opportunity to receive better positions, higher status, and a bigger salary. An example of such women is Ginny Rometty and she is the first female CEO of IBM. There is a similarity in corporate culture in both 1981 and 2018 of dress code. The two typists and the manager in the SNL skit are dressed in business attire and in today’s business world, appearance is of utmost importance. Dressing professionally always shows seriousness and this will never change in business. In conclusion, the technologies, business processes, and culture of 1981 as represented in the video The Typists are drastically different with those of 2018.

  • There is a huge difference between the business processes of the 1980s and present day times. Most of the current processes are improved processes of the past. Back in the 1980’s the main technology was typewriters. A huge skill to have when going into business was typing skills. These typing skills were actually very coveted because of how important typewriters were to business processes. A huge part of typewriters were that mostly women filled these types of roles. Many women took jobs such as typists, secretaries, and receptionists. A lot of the things they needed to type had to be inventoried and kept safe in a physical location. This took up a lot of physical space and was very inefficient. In present day 2018, the main systems we use are computers and smartphones which work together over a Wi-Fi network which broadcasts a server for all of our devices to work together. Today, we are able to use less physical space to store our data. We are able to use databases stored in buildings which can hold billions upon billions of bytes of data. Large companies today can use the huge amounts of money they make to continue to improve their processes. While back in the 80s, building a new building may be used as a place for more filing cabinets or typewriters, today new buildings contain huge servers connected by ERPs that are able to connect the entire company. Also,, anyone can fill these roles. Many different types of people, who were originally separated by race, gender, and sexual orientation can come together to develop and act on the software and hardware used today in business practices. With these specific points in mind, we can deduce that our technology has rapidly changed. This change has been quick and drastic and it will only continue to improve.

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