Deep learning is a subset of machine learning that uses artificial neural networks to create accurate associations and dynamic predictions. Artificial neural networks are layered structures of algorithms that were developed based off of the biological human brain (Gossfeld). These layers train the model to learn on its own by recognizing patterns in the data (Tanz). It is able to learn through its own method of computing which is comparable to a child learning and processing information through trial and error (Hof). This is important because the neural networks utilized can greatly improve many problems we have in image recognition, speech recognition, and natural language processing (sas.com). On a broader term, deep learning and data analytics are similar in that they both try to make sense of large amounts of data. Specifically, deep learning builds on the clustering analysis concepts we learned in class. Although a deep learning model is more complicated, clustering analysis has an identical process of training the model to group data that is similar to one another. An example deep learning in practice is recommendation systems. We can see that companies like Amazon and Netflix have popularized the usage of a recommendation system where they are able to closely predict what you might be interested in next, based on past behavior. Deep learning can also be used to enhance recommendations in environments such as music interests or clothing preferences (sas.com). We can see this in music applications such a Spotify or Pandora where they create playlists that try to accurately predict the songs that the user would most likely enjoy.
Gossfeld, Brett. “A Simple Way to Understand Machine Learning vs Deep Learning.” Zendesk, 18 July 2017, www.zendesk.com/blog/machine-learning-and-deep-learning/.
Hof, Robert D. “Is Artificial Intelligence Finally Coming into Its Own?” MIT Technology Review, MIT Technology Review, 29 Mar. 2016, www.technologyreview.com/s/513696/deep-learning/.
Tanz, Ophir, and Cambron Carter. “Neural Networks Made Easy.” TechCrunch, TechCrunch, 13 Apr. 2017, techcrunch.com/2017/04/13/neural-networks-made-easy/.
“What Is Deep Learning?” What Is Deep Learning? | SAS, www.sas.com/en_us/insights/analytics/deep-learning.html.